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[HugChina] Cultural Revolution - Personality cult of Mao

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 22:49 PM 475019

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During the Cultural Revolution, Mao's already glorified image manifested into a personality cult that influenced every aspect of Chinese life. Mao was regarded as a God-like figure and the undisputed leader of China's working class in their 100-year struggle against imperialism, feudalism and capitalism, which were the three-evils in pre-1949 China since the Opium War.

At the 1958 Party congress in Chengdu, Mao expressed support for the idea of personality cults if they venerated figures who were genuinely worthy of adulation:

“ There are two kinds of personality cults. One is a healthy personality cult, that is, to worship men like Marx, Engels, Lenin, and Stalin. Because they hold the truth in their hands. The other is a false personality cult, i.e. not analyzed and blind worship.”

In 1962, Mao proposed the Socialist Education Movement (SEM) in an attempt to educate the peasants to resist the temptations of feudalism and the sprouts of capitalism that he saw re-emerging in the countryside from Liu's economic reforms. Large quantities of politicized art were produced and circulated — with Mao at the center. Numerous posters, badges and musical compositions referenced Mao in the phrase "Chairman Mao is the red sun in our hearts" (????????????) and a "Savior of the people" (??????).

Mao's personality cult proved vital in starting the Cultural Revolution. China's youth had generally been raised during the Communist era, which had taught them to idolize Mao. The youth were taught the "natural disasters and pressing of Soviet Union for payment of debts" caused the immense starvation and suffering during Mao's Great Leap Forward movement, and their thoughts of Mao were generally positive. Thus, they were his greatest supporters. Their feelings for him were of such strength that many followed his urge to challenge all established authority.

In October 1966, Mao's Quotations From Chairman Mao Tse-Tung, which was known as the Little Red Book was published. Party members were encouraged to carry a copy with them and possession was almost mandatory as a criterion for membership. Over the years, Mao's image became displayed almost everywhere, present in homes, offices and shops. His quotations were typographically emphasized by putting them in boldface or red type in even the most obscure writings. Music from the period emphasized Mao's stature, as did children's rhymes. The phrase "Long Live Chairman Mao for ten thousand years" was commonly heard during the era, which was traditionally a phrase reserved for the reigning Emperor.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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In 1968, a PLA soldier put on badges of Mao all over his body to express his loyalty to Mao. At that period, tens of millions of badges of Mao were manufactured and the larger the badge was, the more loyal the carrier was to Mao.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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A commune member was puting on a badge on the chest.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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At that time, this statue was not called statue, but precious statue. Many family was proud of enshrining statue of Mao in their house and apartment. And many companies and communities saved all their money for building a large statue of Mao and enshrined it in the major hall or yard to express their loyalty to Mao.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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English calendar was decorated with images of Mao and red guards.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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During cultural revolution, a Sports Newspaper instructed people how to practise Taijiquan exercise with the theme "Wish Chairman Mao to live ten thousand years".

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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Use Mao Zedong Thought to treat disease.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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At the night when they arrived at the provincial capital Harbin from remote areas of Heilongjiang Province, the red guards in their link-up campaign bought Selected Works of Mao Zedong in a Xinhua Bookstore.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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A typical home decoration during the cultural revolution

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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A study plan of the so called intellectual youths.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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A typical group photo: everyone held a bible:quotations of chairman Mao or little red book.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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Typical loyalty dance was danced by peasants. The dancers lined in the shape of Chinese character 忠 (Zhong, means loyal).

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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Following Chairman Mao closely was just victory. Personality cult came to climax in history.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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A huge scroll written with Wish Chairman Mao to live for ten thousand years was held by soldiers in a military parade.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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Tens of millions of badge of Mao were manufactured.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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Quotations of chairman Mao and Selected works of Mao Zedong were distributed to almost everyone in the mainland during cultural revolution. The size of issue was so large that only Bible could compete.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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Reciting quotations of chairman Mao was required lesson for every PLA soldiers.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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It was a common practise that quotations of chairman Mao was held up when slogans were shouted loudly.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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PLA soldiers were excited and happy to shout slogans while holding up little red book.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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The standard image of chairman Mao was seen in every assembling.

 

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Posted on Fri, Jul 1, 2011 23:14 PM

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Slogan "May Chairman Mao live ten thousand years" was every where to see.

 

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