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Edit Title:[HugChina] Cultural Revolution - Great Link-up and Destruction of Four Olds
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Bernd Chang
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大串联 - the right to 'link up', meaning for students to cut class and travel across the country to meet other young activists and propagate Mao Zedong Thought. 大串联 ('dà chuànlián') was a movement from late 1966 to early 1967.

大串联 - the right to "link up," meaning for students to cut class and travel across the country to meet other young activists and propagate Mao Zedong Thought. 大串联 (“dà chuànlián”), or 全国大串联 (Quánguó dà chuànlián) was a movement from late 1966 to early 1967. After Mao personally greeted millions of red guards who came from other provinces, young people from all over the nation flooded to Beijing hoping to see Mao.

The Four Olds or the Four Old Things (simplified Chinese: 四旧; traditional Chinese: 四舊; pinyin: sì jiù) were Old Customs, Old Culture, Old Habits, and Old Ideas. One of the stated goals of the Cultural Revolution in the People's Republic of China was to bring an end to the Four Olds.[1] The campaign to destroy the Four Olds began in Beijing on August 20, 1966, shortly after the launch of the Cultural Revolution.

Destruction of Chinese cultures and traditional values

Mao Zedong called for the Four Olds to be swept away at the very early stages of the Cultural Revolution in 1966, and Red Guards took up the task with alacrity. As a result, examples of Chinese architecture were destroyed, classical literature and Chinese paintings were torn apart, and cultural and religious customs were vilified as manifestations of feudalism. Many families' long kept genealogy books were burned to ashes. During that time, many ancient Chinese cultural artifacts were destroyed forever. People in possession of these goods were punished.

Starting in the 1990s and continuing into the 21st century, there has been a massive rebuilding effort underway to restore and rebuild cultural sites that were destroyed or damaged during the Cultural Revolution. This has coincided with a resurgence in interest in, and demand for, Chinese cultural artifacts. Some have exploited this increased demand, producing counterfeit artifacts.

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Bernd Chang
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Great Link-up movements usually began and end at Tian'anmen. Some other places related to Mao such as Mao's hometown Shaoshanchong was also the end for red guards in central and southern China. On September 5, 1966, a notice was issued, encouraging all Red Guards to come to Beijing over a stretch of time. All fees, including accommodation and transportation, were to be paid by the government. The trains and buses were all free, but China’s huge, and everyone took advantage of this — so all the transportation became insanely overcrowded. So the students started to walk. All to Beijing.

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Bernd Chang
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Red guards of Beijing Foreign College took an oath under the Mao portrait on Tian'anmen before setting off.

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Bernd Chang
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Even an ordinary school can issue letter of introduction for red guards to link up around the country. With the letter, the red guards were able to go wherever they want to go around China without taking any money with them. They can have meals and get accormadation free of charge all over the country.

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A Certificate issued by Wuhan authority for taking a transport tool free of charge for nonlocal revolutionary teachers and students.

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Bernd Chang
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Special Ticket issued by Beijing Railway Office in 1967, which the linking-up students could get free of charge and use as ticket.

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Temporary railway ticket issued in 1966 for revolutionary teachers and students to leave Beijing

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Red guards changed the name of the road where USSR embassy was located from Yangwei (show power) Road to Fanxiu (anti revisionism) Road.

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Bernd Chang
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Dongjiaominxiang of Beijing was renamed to Fandi (anti imperialism) Road.

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Beijing Union Hospital was renamed to Anti-imperialism Hospital.

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Bernd Chang
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Many old brands were changed to other names and the original signboard was demolished.

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Bernd Chang
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Tshinghua University students started to do so with themselves. They first demolished the placard "Tsinghua Guarden" in their campus.

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Bernd Chang
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Myriads of old relics were destroyed During the Destruction of Four Olds campaign.

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Bernd Chang
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Innumerable old famous places of interest and relics of olden times were destructed.

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Bernd Chang
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Ancient books, calligraphy and paintings were set on fire.

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Bernd Chang
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The statues of budda and sage could not escape from destruction.

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Bernd Chang
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The Imperial Palace (the Forbidden City) in Beijing was renamed to Xuelei (Blood and Tears) Palace.

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Bernd Chang
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Guanyin,kwan-yin or goddess of mercy was also sentenced to death during Cultural Revolution.

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Bernd Chang
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Red guards destroyed temples and the monks were criticized, denounced and humiliated in public.

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Bernd Chang
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On August 28, 1966, a nun organization were outlawed and nuns were criticized and denounced by red guards in public.

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A private house were searched, raided and sealed off by red guards

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