"Life ends but corpse remains forever" sounds difficult to understand, but today in Dalian, in China, in the world, this has been realized.
Two workers in plastic uniform came and uncover the metal box. What is in visibility is grey-black solution in the box, in which two packages swathed with white cloth are soaked. “They are just human corpse!” said a worker. It is difficult to recognize the white packages as human body. Workers said that they are original specimens. The original specimens are to be infused with 20% formaldehyde at first, then placed in a vacuumed package containing formaldehyde. After four months, they are ready to be dissected or transported. The function of formaldehyde is to fix the tissue and kill microorganisms. “The corpses were donated from Germans, inspected carefully by State Quality Inspection & Quarantine Department and Liaoning Inspection & Quanrantine Bureau and then imported from abroad”, a worker claimed.
In the workshop of about 150 square meters, 20 anatomy desks are used. Different human corpse spanning from male to female, from young to old, are dissected by a group of young workers who meticulously using medical forceps, clippers to work on complete human corpses or incomplete human organs. There was no scent in the air and everyone was quietly and serious at work. They are repeating a sequence of actions to remove all the fats and fluids among the muscles, resulting in expose of nerves, muscles and bones. “The job is quite time-consuming and it takes averagely about 1500 – 2000 hours to process one human corpse”, said a dissecting female worker.
Dehydration process ensues when anatomic procedure is finished. The workshop for dehydration is not so large. In the house there are six huge covered metal box. A worker said that the dissected corpse was soaked in the box. Before the dehydration the corpse has been soaked in formaldehyde. The work of the workers is to replace the formaldehyde in frozen body fluid with acetone with special technique.
After all the work is finished, workers will use saws to slice the corpse in 3.5mm thick thin pieces.
It is possible to differentiate damaged from normal organs through the slices, such as smoked lungs from normal lungs, fatty liver from normal liver.
All the workers are busy in using medical forceps, clippers, wood, niddle and other tools to place the dehydrated human corpse in different poses. The human muscles are dry, unsmooth and lack of elasticity. The red blood vessles and muscles are easily visible.
Biological Plastination technology was invented by Gunther Von Hagens in 1977, who is famed as father of world plastination in the world. The German anatomist Von Hagens established the largest corpse processing factory of the world in Dalian of northeastern China. Von Hagens said that biological plastination technology is widely used in many fields such as anatomy, embryology, pathology,clinical iconography,forensic medicine, museum, and so on.
70% of human body is fluid, which is indispensable for the living and corpse decomposing after death. Plastination technology can replace the fluids in corpse with active plastics such as silicon rubber, polymer resin etc. through a special vacuum procedure, while human cells and the original appearance will remain the same as before the vacuum procedure even examined under the microscope. Plastinated specimen is dry, has no scent, can be touched, seized and moved with hand. These characteristics of plastinated specimens make them useful and valuable not only for education in medical universities and institutes, but also for triggering medical interest among outsiders and nonprofessionals. A technician expects that biological plastinated products will replace specimens treated with formaldehyde. So far plastinated human specimens have been exhibited around the globe and become a new culture. The exhibitions in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Japan, Britain, South Korea, Singapore have sparked great sensation among visitors. “Attention to health will be aroused among visitors through the exhibitions and thus the health level of the entire society will be enhanced.”