Shenzhen (Chinese: ???) is a prosperous coastal city in southern China's Guangdong province, situated immediately north of Hong Kong. The one-time fishing village of Shenzhen was singled out by the late Chinese paramount leader Deng Xiaoping to be the first of the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in China. It was formally established in 1979 due to its proximity to Hong Kong.
On Feb.23,1979, cadres were convened for studying the spirit of the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party. The aim of building a modern city and commodity export base was proposed.
In 1981, Shekou Investment Promotion Bureau put forward the slogan: Time is money,efficiency is life, which was contentious at that time but spread very quickly accross the country and became a footprint of that decade.
In 1982, more than 20 thousand engineer solders were transferred to Shenzhen for building a new city on the barren land. They were the pillar and beginner for building early Shenzhen.
In June of 1982, iron fence was errected circling the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone (SEZ), which seperated Shenzhen to two areas:Within or outside SEZ. Outside people have to show a certified paper for entering the SEZ.
On Dec. 7,1987, it was the first time for Shenzhen State Land Bureau as well as China to sell the land usage right through land bidding and auction.
Thousands of engineer solders contributed a lot for the construction of early Shenzhen. The picture shows construction of the that time highest building Shenzhen Electronic Mansion.
During the early stage of Shenzhen, commodities were scarce and citizens still had to buy products through bill. Quarrels between customers and sellers took place easily at the stands.
An assembly line in a wire factory located in Shiyan, Shenzhen. It is the first Chinese company for processing with supplied materials. The glory of Shenzhen began just from these kinds of companies.
The that time highest building Electronic Mansion is now surrounded by much higher skyscrapers.
In January 1984, Deng Xiaoping visited Shenzhen for the first time. The one-time fishing village of Shenzhen was singled out by the late Chinese paramount leader Deng Xiaoping to be the first of the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in China.
Present Shenzhen with more than 12 million people is the high-tech center and most dynamic city of China and one of the top ten highest cities of the world.