金,木,水,火,土 Metal,Wood,Water,Fire,EarthSimilar to the theory of yin-yang, the theory of five elements wood, fire, earth, metal and water was an ancient philosophical concept used to explain the composition and phenomena of the physical universe. In traditional Chinese medicine the theory of five elements is used to interpret the relationship between the physiology and pathology of the human body and the natural environment. According to the theory, the five elements are in constant move and change, and the interdependence and mutual restraint of the five elements explain the complex connection between material objects as well as the unity between the human body and the natural world.In traditional Chinese medicine, the visceral organs, as well as other organs and tissues, have similar properties to the five elements; they interact physiologically and pathologically as the five elements do. Through similarity comparison, different phenomena are attributed to the categories of the five elements. Based on the characteristics, forms, and functions of different phenomena, the complex links between physiology and pathology as well as the interconnection between the human body and the natural world are explained.The five elements emerged from an observation of the various groups of dynamic processes, functions and characteristics observed in the natural world. The aspects involved in each of the five elements are follows:Fire: draught, heat, flaring, ascendance, movement, etc.Wood: germination, extension, softness, harmony, flexibility, etc.Metal: strength, firmness, killing, cutting, cleaning up, etc.Earth: growing, changing, nourishing, producing, etc.Water: moisture, cold, descending, flowing, etc. The following table shows the categorization of phenomena according to the five elements:
|Fu||gall bladder||s. intestine||stomach||l. intestine||urinary|
Disclaimer:All the material presented in this article is for informational purposes only and should not take the place of a consultation from a trained medical professional.