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Chinese grammar index

Chinese Grammar | Jun 15, 2011 AM

Chinese Grammar Index

The grammar of mandarin Chinese shares many features with other varieties of Chinese. The language almost entirely lacks inflection, so that words typically have only one grammatical form. Functions ...

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 14, 2011 AM

Chapter 17: The Chinese passive

1. The structure of the Mandarin passiveIn active sentences, the subject is typically the agent, the noun phrase that initiates the action, and the object of the verb is the no...

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 13, 2011 AM

Chapter 16: Chinese conjunctions

Conjunctions are words that join phrases belonging to the same grammatical category and indicate a relationship between them. Mandarin conjunctions include the following.1. Conjunctions th...

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 13, 2011 AM

Chapter 15: Chinese Adverbs

Adverbs are words that modify the verb or verb phrase.1. General properties of adverbsIn Mandarin, adverbs occur at the beginning of the verb phrase, before the verb and any prepositional phrase.Most...

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 12, 2011 AM

Chapter 14: Chinese prepositions and prepositional phrases

Prepositions occur before a noun phrase and indicate some relationship between the noun phrase and the main verb of the sentence. The preposition plus its noun phrase forms a prepositional phrase.1. ...

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 11, 2011 AM

Chapter 13: Chinese action verbs

Action verbs are verbs that describe doing things. They include 买 mǎi ‘to shop,’ 学 xué ‘to study,’看kàn ‘to look at,’ ‘watch,’ ‘read,’ 吃 chī ‘to eat,’ 睡 shuì ‘to sleep,’...

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 11, 2011 AM

Chapter 12: Chinese modal verbs

Modal verbs occur before a verb and express the meanings of possibility, ability,permission, obligation, and prohibition.1. Expressing possibility:会huì明天会下雨。 It may rain tomorrow....

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 9, 2011 AM

Chapter 11: Chinese Stative verbs

Stative verbs describe situations that do not involve action. Examples of stative verbs include 喜欢 xǐhuan ‘to like,’ 爱 ài ‘to love,’ 像xiàng ‘to resemble,’ 想xiǎng ‘to want,’ 要 yào ‘...

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 4, 2011 AM

Chapter 10: Chinese Adjectival verbs

Adjectival verbs translate into adjectives in English. They include 高 gāo ‘to be tall,’ 贵 guì ‘to be expensive,’ 小xiǎo ‘to be small,’ 大dà ‘to be big,’ 好hǎo ‘to be good,...

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 3, 2011 AM

Chapter 9:Noun phrases in Chinese

A noun phrase consists of a noun and any words that describe or ‘modify’ the noun. Here is an example of a noun phrase with the noun emphasized.三个大老虎 three big tigersAdditional examples of nou...

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Chinese Grammar | Jun 1, 2011 AM

Chapter 8: Chinese Classifiers

1. The structure of phrases involving classifiersA classifier is a word that occurs between the specifier and/or number and the noun. In Chinese, a classifier always occurs between a specifie...

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Chinese Grammar | May 29, 2011 AM

Chapter 7:Specifiers and demonstratives in Chinese

这zhè and 那nà have two functions.They can be used as demonstratives, or words that are used to point out an item:那是汉语字典 That is a Chinese language dictionary.They can be used as specifiers, o...

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Chinese Grammar | May 28, 2011 PM

Chapter 6:Chinese numbers (2)

6. Fractions, percentages, decimals, half, and multiples6.1 FractionsTo indicate fractions, use the pattern: X分之Y fēn zhī 三分之一:sān fēn zhī yī one-third (1/3)Note that the ‘whole’ ...

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Chinese Grammar | May 26, 2011 AM

Chapter 6:Chinese numbers (1)

1. Mandarin numbers 0–991.1 Numbers 0–100 〇 or 零 líng; 1 一 yī; 2 二 èr; 3 三 sān; 4 四 sì; 5 五 wǔ; 6 六 liù; 7 七 qī; 8 八 bā; 9 九 jiǔ;10 十 shíThe number 2 occurs in two forms.• Whe...

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Chinese Grammar | May 23, 2011 AM

Chapter 5:Chinese Nouns

In Mandarin, the same form of the noun is used in subject and object position.Subject猫吃鱼 Māo chī yú. Cats eat fish. (or) The cat eats fish. 他学中文 Tā xué Zhōngwén. He studies Chinese.Obj...

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Chinese Grammar | May 21, 2011 PM

Chapter 4:Phrase order in the Chinese sentence

1. Basic phrase order The basic order of the Mandarin sentence istopic + subject + predicateA sentence need not have an overt topic. In addition, if the subject is understood from the c...

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Chinese Grammar | May 21, 2011 AM

Chapter 3:The Chinese writing system:an overview

1. Traditional and simplified charactersAlthough transcription systems can be used to write Chinese, Chinese characters are the basis of written communication in China. This chapter presents...

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Chinese Grammar | May 19, 2011 AM

Chapter 2:Chinese Syllable, meaning, and word (3)

5. Incorporating foreign words and naming foreign objects Chinese has not borrowed freely from other languages. However, when it incorporates foreign words into the language, it typically ...

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Chinese Grammar | May 19, 2011 AM

Chapter 2:Chinese syllable, meaning, and word (2)

3. Word-specific tone changesIn addition to the tone changes mentioned in Chapter 1 for all third-tone syllables, there are certain tone changes that occur in specific words.3.1 Tone change in the wo...

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Chinese Grammar | May 19, 2011 AM

Chapter 2:Chinese Syllable, meaning, and word (1)

1. The special status of the Mandarin syllable1.1 The syllable and meaningOne of the features of Chinese is that each syllable is associated with a meaning. For example, the Mandarin word for b...

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