Plural in Mandarin Chinese

Updated:Sun, Oct 21, 2012 00:59 AM     Related:Chinese plurals

Except for people there is no plural in Chinese, the character 们 men is used for Chinese plural, but only for people. Just put 们 men behind a noun denoting people and you have the plural pronouns!

 

Chinese Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Except for people there is no plural in Chinese, the character men is used for plural, but only for people. Just put 们 men behind a noun denoting people and you have the plural pronouns! 老师们 lǎo shī men teachers. Here are some examples:

English Plural Chinese Plural
Plural fù shù  - 复数
my book wǒ de shū  - 我的书
my books wǒ de shū  - 我的书
our daughter wǒ men de  nǚ ér  - 我们的女儿
our daughters wǒ men de  nǚ ér  - 我们的女儿
I'm cold wǒ  jué de lěng  - 我觉得冷
we're cold wǒ men  jué de lěng  - 我们觉得冷
his chickens tā de jī  - 他的鸡
their chicken tā men de jī  - 他们的鸡

As you can see on the example above, the structure of the Plural in Chinese takes a logical pattern.

While in English, the plural is formed by adding (s) to the singular. In Mandarin, most of the time there is no different plural form, To indicate plural you usually add number or quanity words: for example:

马MA=horse

一个马yi ge MA (one horse)

两个马liang ge MA (two horses)

那些马nei xie MA (those horses)

很多马hen duo MA (many horses)

The word 马MA (horse) does not change. There is a character which is added to personal pronouns or words concerning people which indicates plural; it is 们MEN. For example:

我Wo = I or me

我们wo MEN= we or us

他/她/它ta = he, she, him, her or it

他们/她们/它们ta MEN = they or them. 

 

Source:HugChina

 

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