Plural in Mandarin Chinese
Except for people there is no plural in Chinese, the character 们 men is used for Chinese plural, but only for people. Just put 们 men behind a noun denoting people and you have the plural pronouns!
Chinese Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.
Except for people there is no plural in Chinese, the character men is used for plural, but only for people. Just put 们 men behind a noun denoting people and you have the plural pronouns! 老师们 lǎo shī men teachers. Here are some examples:
|English Plural ||Chinese Plural |
|Plural ||fù shù - 复数 |
|my book ||wǒ de shū - 我的书 |
|my books ||wǒ de shū - 我的书 |
|our daughter ||wǒ men de nǚ ér - 我们的女儿 |
|our daughters ||wǒ men de nǚ ér - 我们的女儿 |
|I'm cold ||wǒ jué de lěng - 我觉得冷 |
|we're cold ||wǒ men jué de lěng - 我们觉得冷 |
|his chickens ||tā de jī - 他的鸡 |
|their chicken ||tā men de jī - 他们的鸡 |
As you can see on the example above, the structure of the Plural in Chinese takes a logical pattern.
While in English, the plural is formed by adding (s) to the singular. In Mandarin, most of the time there is no different plural form, To indicate plural you usually add number or quanity words: for example:
一个马yi ge MA (one horse)
两个马liang ge MA (two horses)
那些马nei xie MA (those horses)
很多马hen duo MA (many horses)
The word 马MA (horse) does not change. There is a character which is added to personal pronouns or words concerning people which indicates plural; it is 们MEN. For example:
我Wo = I or me
我们wo MEN= we or us
他/她/它ta = he, she, him, her or it
他们/她们/它们ta MEN = they or them.