Expressing Personal Possession in Mandarin Chinese

Updated:Sun, Oct 21, 2012 01:29 AM     Related:Personal possession

Using the Chinese personal pronouns possessively is very easy compared to most other languages, just appending the determiner particle 的 (de) to the pronoun is OK.

 

Using the Chinese personal pronouns possessively is also very easy compared to most other languages, just append the determiner particle 的 (de) to the pronoun, as the following example will illustrate. The thing that is being determined will appear after this particle, and the thing that determines it (the possessive adjective/pronoun in western grammar) will appear in front of it:

* 我的大学 (wǒ de dàxué) - my university

* 你的大学 (nǐ de dàxué) - your university

* 他的大学 (tā de dàxué) - his university

* 我们的大学 (wǒmen de dàxué) - our university

* 你们的大学 (nǐmen de dàxué) - your university

* 他们的大学 (tāmen de dàxué) - their university

The determiner particle is omitted for certain cases which are characterised by particularly close relationships, including close relations, and a person's home.

* 我妈妈 (wǒ māma) - my mother

* 我家 (nǐ jiā) - your home/family

* 我那儿 (wǒ nàr) - my place

Independent constructions (possessive pronouns)

Such a construction can be transformed into a more independent construction, similar to the possessive pronouns like "mine", "yours", "ours" in english:

* 这所大学是我的 (zhè suǒ dàxué shì wǒ de) - This university is mine

* 这所大学是他们的 (zhè suǒ dàxué shì tāmen de) - This university is theirs

 

Source:The UniLang Language Community (http://www.unilang.org)

 

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