Photos: Teenage Abortions in China; Statistics show China has the largest number of abortions globally thanks to one child policy and lack of sex education to Chinese teenagers    

 

Official statistics released in 2008 show that China has the largest number of abortions in the world thanks to the one child policy. But scholars are pointing to a new factor: teenagers and young women under the age of 25, who contribute six million abortions anually due to lack of adequate sex education ...More

 

Sun, Jan 13, 2013 07:35 AM | Cascade view | views: 1436

Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China,One child policy,Forced abortion,Sex education
Statistics released by the China’s National Population and Family Planning Commission in 2008 show that at least 13 million abortions are conducted each year in China, which puts China on the leading position globally. And besides, additional 10 million abortions are estimated to be performed privately with pills sold or conducted at underground or unregistered clinics every year. And the new trend that teenage abortion or teen abortion is on the rise is alarming. A survey shows Chinese women under age 25 contribute to 6 million abortions anually.

By Bernd Chang

 

Exact statistics on the number of abortions performed annually in China are hard to come by as not all abortions are registered and Family Planning statistics were often considered state secrets. Statistics released by the Research Institute of China’s National Population and Family Planning Commission in 2008 show that at least 13 million abortions are conducted each year in China, or about 25 for every minute, which makes China lead the world on number of abortions by big margin ahead the second title holder India (6.5 million abortions annually according to The Times of India, or about 1.2 million in the United States, according to the Guttmacher Institute).

And the number 13 million is not all abortions conducted in China. It is estimated that besides the 13 million recorded abortions, additional 10 million abortions are performed privately with pills sold or conducted at underground or unregistered clinics every year.

Rampant abortion advertisement accross the country deepens the concept that abortion does no harm the health

Completely different from some European countries where abortion is legally forbidden, China, having strict birth control as its national policy since late 1970s, not only legitimize, but also encourage abortion for Chinese females of all ages, and sometimes even conducts forced abortion and sterilization of its female citizens.

Backed by the One-child Policy, abortion in China is not only legal but easily done. There is also virtually no restriction on abortion service advertisements, which have penetrated to every corner of China: on TV, on Radio, on magazine, on newspaper, on websites, on streets bulletin board, and on electricity poles.

Most Chinese women have no sense of killing lives when they have their unborned babies abortioned out of own will or forced to do so, not to mention the doctors and nurses that perform the abortions.

Teenage abortion is rising rapidly thanks to sexual freedom among and lack of sex education to the younger generation

For a long time, the high number of abortions in China was largely ascribed to its one-child policy. But scholars are pointing to a new factor: teenagers and young women under the age of 25, who contribute six million abortions every year, according to a survey by the research institute. And the trend is teenage abortion or teen abortion is on the rise.

For these unmarried women, the social stigma of raising an illegitimate child due to the one-child policy, the financial difficulty of raising a child and the lack of adoption services means that aborting their unborned babies after getting pregnant is almost the only way out.

This new factor highlights how young Chinese are increasingly seizing on fast-growing personal freedoms, including sexual freedoms. But parents, and society more broadly, including schools, still remain reluctant to talk about sex, which exposes young people to risk.

One result is that young people simply don’t know how to use contraceptives or the damage that can be caused by abortions. Many young people encounter obstacles when it comes to getting information. For example they are shy about discussing it, or they worry they will be discovered by their parents, teachers or friends.

Chinese begin to discuss sex topic more openly

Yet gradually people are beginning to talk more openly about what had long often been discussed only in private. Some novelists are leading the way. In 2009, Mo Yan, who recently received the Nobel in literature, published “Frog,” based on the experiences of his aunt, an obstetrician who provided abortions under the state’s strict family planning policies that began in 1979.

The official Global Times' report in May of 2012, citing a study conducted by professionals in a maternity hospital in Beijing which shows that almost half of women who request abortions there are teenagers, called for better sex education for Chinese youngsters.

Li Yinhe, a sociology professor and one of the most famous Chinese sex experts, said that the shocking statistics are due to a lack of adequate sex education.

"Abortion, especially teenage abortion is very harmful to women's health, which could bring many after effects, like habitual abortion," said Li, adding that women need full information about the possible adverse affects of having abortions.

Schools, parents and government organizations should work together to help teenagers take sex seriously, said Li.

"It's difficult to teach sex education all over the country. Educators all complain that they lack textbooks, teaching hours and teacher training [in the subject]," she said.

Source of the pictures: Netease/163.com
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A girl who has eyes as beautiful as the ones the girl printed on her T-shirts has is waiting outsite the abortion operation room at a hospital in Zhejiang province, August 1, 2012. Nowadays, women going through abortion have younger ages than before. A survey shows 50% of women requresting abortion are below25; 65% are unmarried; 54.3 percent of all abortions are unwanted pregnancies as the result of failure to take any contraceptive measures; As many as 50% have undergone repeated abortions.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
Teenagers queue for abortion in front of the operation room at a hospital in Zhejiang province, July 16, 2012. All of these fashionably dressed girls look uneasy and upset while standing in the waiting lounge. Many of them lack basic knowledge of contraception and are totally unaware of the damage abortion can cause on their health. In certain sense, girl who have undergone repeated abortions rely on abortion as a form of contraceptive measures.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A man carrying a woman handbag waits outside the operating room at a hospital in Zhejiang province, July 10, 2012. It is required that a woman requesting abortion be accompanied – by a boyfriend, a good friend, or a family member. Most often it is her confidant who comes with her, because at that moment, the boyfriend is usually too timid or shy to show up, and the family is usually kept in the dark.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A girl sits on the exam table waiting for the doctor to clean the private area of her right before the abortion operation at a hospital in Zhejiang province, July 26, 2012. Most of the girls who come to this hospital for abortion are young rural migrant workers who are lack of basic health knowledge. In a city where they are far away from home and free from parental supervision, they have little scruples in an abortion. Averagely a surgical abortion in this city, including preoperative examination and postoperative medication, costs around 1000 yuan and it is not covered by medical insurance. Therefore an abortion could be a huge price for them mentally and economically.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A girl takes off her shoes before entering the operating room at a hospital in Zhejiang, August 19, 2012. Usually a girl who is to undergo abortion for the first time in her life is full of anxiety and wonder what will happen next, while those who have undergone abortion before more worry the possible adverse effect of abortion on their fertility.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
Above: A 12-week-pregnant high school teenage girl is undergoing a “painless abortion” at a hospital in Zhejiang, July 7, 2012. Anesthetic has been delivered intravenously, but her body keeps shaking while she is unconscious, so the nurse has to hold her hands tight to prevent her shaking from affecting the surgery. A scar possibly left from her unsuccessful committing suicide can be clearly seen on her wrist. Below: A 14-year-old girl who comes to abort her unborned baby at a hospital in Zhejiang, July 17, 2012. A Chinese character meaning “Hate” is clearly seen carved on her forearm. She had sex with a boy classmate inside a karaoke salon. Knowing about her pregnancy, the boy begins to shun her. The girl says she is “heartbroken and desperate for help,” and that she “hates the boy for betraying their oath of love and abandoning her.” She feels she is too disgraced to go back to her school and wants nothing but to transfer to another school.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A “painless abortion” is being performed while the girl is under anaesthetic inside an operating room at a Zhejiang hospital, July 26, 2012. The entire surgery lasts less than 20 minutes. There are several types of abortion, including drug-induced abortion which can only be done within 6-week of pregnancy, conventional surgical abortion, painless abortion and induced labor. Both the conventional and the painless abortion involve in removing the fetus from the mother’s body by suction with mechanical strength, the only difference is that the painless surgery involves anesthesia. Induced labor is often performed on women after 12th week of pregnancy.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A girl is taking a pregnancy ultrasound test at a hospital in Zhejiang, August 19, 2012. The sonogram image shows an eight-week-old fetus having the size of a watermelon seed. Soon afterwards, this life will be sucked out of the uterus.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A doctor is performing a painless surgical abortion for a pregnant woman at a hospital in Zhejiang, July 7, 2012. The woman's legs have been tied up to the table so that they won’t slip off when the woman is under anesthesia. Complications may occur during and after the surgery, such as fertility problems (infertility caused by pelvic inflammatory disease), spontaneous abortion, premature birth, placental abnormalities, fetal death and prenatal/postpartum hemorrhage.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
The tool used during surgical abortion to help suck out the fetus from mother's uterus at a hospital in Zhejiang prvovince, July 26, 2012. In today's China, thanks to lack of supervision, many small and nonregular medical facilities use misleading or false advertisement to maximize their profit from encouraging abortion. In April 2012, seven mothers in the northern city of Shijiazhuang in Hebei province displayed over 10,000 fliers promoting “painless abortion” they had collected, accusing mercenary clinics of touting business and encouraging unprotected sex among teenagers.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A cervical dilator used during the abortion at a hospital in Zhejiang, July 26, 2012.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
The uterus blood collected in a bottle during the surgical abortion at a hospital in Zhejiang, July 9, 2012. The embryo in the blood will be flushed down the drainage system shortly.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A doctor is emptying uterus blood from a bottle into a net which will capture large lumps in the blood at a hospital in Zhejiang, July 9, 2012. The blood will be flushed down the drainage system with water according to relevant regulations.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
16-year-old teenage girl Little Wen is undergoing an abortion at a hospital in Zhejiang, August 20, 2012. She is the last one of the day to be operated. Knowing she is infected with HIV, doctors and nurses are armed from head to toe with protective suits and masks to conduct the abortion for her. Replying to question of the doctor how she contracted HIV, she said, “I started dating my current boyfriend at 14. He is my only man. I am not sure whether it is he that passed it to me. I did not know I was infected with syphilis until I had my first abortion. My boyfriend took a test later. He said he was fine and would not spread it.”
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
Medical waste after abortion at a hospital in Zhejiang, July 26, 2012. The waste will be disposed of in accordance with relevant regulations of China.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A man carries in his arms a woman too weak to walk after the "painless abortion" at a hospital in Zhejiang, August 27, 2012. Actually, “painless abortion” does not necessarily mean no pain or harm. A survey conducted by the China Population Association shows that young women aged 25-30 are the largest age group of infertile women in China, and among all factors that lead to their infertility, fallopian tube obstruction caused by pelvic inflammation following abortion, ranks first.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A woman is consulted at a post-abortion care center newly opened by a hospital in Zhejiang province, August 27, 2012. Professional doctors and consultants are available to give advice on women’s health and birth control. A package of low quality condoms can be seen from the handbag of the teenage girl. She has come for her second abortion. Because her boyfriend hates having sex wearing a condom, she asks the doctor for alternative contraceptive measures.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
An educational program on contraceptive measures is airing on the TV outside the abortion roomat a hospital in Zhejiang, August 2, 2012. According to statistics released by China Population Education Center, 74 percent of Chinese parents of senior middle school teenagers never discuss sex knowledge with their children. 49 percent of adolescents acquire sex knowledge mainly from the internet.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
A doctor is talking to a young woman before terminating her pregnancy, at a hospital in Zhejiang, August 20, 2012. Behind the fact that abortion-minded women get younger lies the problem of Chinese feeling of shame associated with sex-related topic and lack of sex education. It is vital to carry out sex education especially for the younger generation from junior school. Parents should introduce more sex knowledge to their children and the entire society should show more respect to life.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
Abortion advertisement in a public bus in Haikou, Hainan province. There is virtually no restriction on abortion service advertisements in China, resulting in rampant advertising for abortion on TV, on radio, on magazine, on newspaper, on websites, on streets bulletin board, and on electricity poles.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
Abortion advertisement placed near a university: Don't worry after getting pregnant, we will protect you from harm. University students are offered 50% discount.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
Abortion SUPERMARKET provides first-class care for women, says an abortion advertisement on a bulding housing a China Telecom outlet.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
Painless abortion enabled by virual and minimally invasive technology, 24 hours hotline, reads an abortion advertisement on street of Fuzhou, Fujian province.
Teenage abortion,Teen abortion in China
"Please help the children! Exhibition of harmful magazines of Shijiazhuang; Painless abortion is the largest lie of this century!" In April 2012, seven mothers in the northern city of Shijiazhuang in Hebei province displayed over 10,000 fliers promoting “painless abortion” they had collected, accusing mercenary clinics of touting business and encouraging unprotected sex among teenagers, and calling the government to shoulder their responsibility of supervision.
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Past coverage: Teenage abortion   Teen abortion in China   One child policy   Forced abortion   Sex education  

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