The people's republic of China was founded on October 1, 1949, with Beijing chosed as the national capital.
Official Name：People's Republic of China; Capital City：Beijing; National Flag：Five-star red flag; National Anthem：March of the Volunteers.
Official Name：People's Republic of China
National Flag：Five-star red flag, length and width proportion: 3:2.
National Anthem：March of the Volunteers
National Day：October 1
Head of State：President Hu Jintao
Head of the Government：Premier Wen Jiabao
Top Legislature：National people's Congress
Highest Court：Supreme People's Court
Armed Forces：Army, Navy, Air Force (Total number of military personnel 2,470,000 in 1999)
Administrative Divisions：23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities directly under the Central Government and 2 special administrative regions
Territory：9.6 million square km
Location：In East Asia, by the west Pacific Ocean.
Standard Time: Beijing Time
Population: 1,338,612,968 (July 2010 est.)
Average Life-span：73.47 (2010 est.)
Ethnic Groups：Han, 91.59 of the population
Official Language：Standard Chinese, or Mandarin Chinese
Public Holidays：New Year Day (January 1), Spring Festival (from the end of January to the middle of February), International Labor Day (May 1) and National Day (October 1)
Currency & Unit：Renminbi (RMB) Yuan; Monetary Unit 1 yuan, consisting of 10 jiao
Exchange Rate：6.7 Yuan=US$1 (September 2010)
Weights & Measures：Metric System
GDP：US$4.909 trillion (2009 est.)
GDP per head：US$3800
Taxation：All enterprises pay a 17% tax on profits
Islands：5, 400 islands
Mountains：Among 19 mountains over 7,000 meters high in the world, Mt. Everest with the height of 8,848 meters above the sea level is the highest peak on the earth.
Rivers：The Yangtze River (6,300 km), the third longest in the world; The Yellow River (5,464 km), the second longest in China.
Canyon：The Yalu Tsangpo River Canyon, the world's largest, 504.6 km in length and 6,009 meters in depth.
Lakes：The Poyang Lake, China's largest freshwater lake; the Qinghai Lake, the country's largest salt lake.
Climate：The wide range of weather conditions from the subtropical in the south to the frigid in the north
Rare Animals：Giant Panda, Golden Monkey and White-flag Dolphin
Plants：A great variety of plants due to the wide range of climates and topography